Abbreviations

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AAY Antyodaya Anna Yojana

ACC/SCN Administrative Committee on Co-ordination/Subcommittee

on Nutrition

ADBI Asian Development Bank Institute

ALEK Alasan Ekonomi (for economic reasons)

ASA Associations for Social Advancement

BAPPENAS Badan Perencana Pembangunan Nasional (National

Development Planning Board)

BIDS Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies

BKB Bangladesh Krishi Bank

BKK Badan Kredit Kecamatan (sub-district credit board)

BKKBN Badan Koordinasi Keluarga Berencana Nasional (National

Family Planning Co-ordinating Board)

BP3 Badan Pembantu Penyelenggara Pendidikan (Board of

Education Assistance)

BPS Badan Pusat Statistik (Central Bureau of Statistics)

BRAC Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee

BRDB Bangladesh Rural Development Board

BRI Bank Rakyat Indonesia

Bulog Badan Usaha Logistik (National Logistics Board)

CAG Comptroller and Auditor General of India

CARP Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program

CEO Chief Executive Offi cer

CIDSS Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery of Social

Services

CIMU Central Independent Monitoring Unit

CPI Consumer Price Index

CSS Centrally Sponsored Schemes

DDP Desert Development Program

Desa Village

DPAP Drought Prone Areas Program

EAS Employment Assurance Scheme

EGS Employment Guarantee Scheme

ESCAP Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the

Pacifi c

FAO Food and Agriculture Organization

GDP Gross Domestic Product

GMA Gamot na Mabisa Abot-Kaya (Affordable Medicine for

All)

GOI Government of India

IAY Indira Awas Yojana

ICDS Integrated Child Development Services Scheme

IDT Inpres Desa Tertinggal (Presidential Decree on Neglected

Villages)

IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development

IMF International Monetary Fund

IMI International Management Institute, Orissa

INPRES Instruksi Presiden (Presidential Decree)

IRDP Integrated Rural Development Program

IWDP Integrated Wastelands Development Program

JGSY Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana

JPKM Jaminan Pelayanan Kesehatan Masyarakat (Community

Health Care Guarantee Program)

JPS-BK Jaring Pengaman Sosial-Bidang Kesehatan (Social Safety

Net-Health Sector)

JRY Jawahar Rozgar Yojana

Kabupaten District

KALAHI Kapit-Bisig Laban sa Kahirapan

KDP/PPK Kecamatan Development Program/Program Pembangunan

Kecamatan

Kecamatan Sub-district

kg kilograms

KPS Keluarga Pra-Sejahtera (Pre-prosperous Family)

KS Keluarga Sejahtera (Prosperous Family)

KURK Kredit Usaha Rakyat Kecil (Credit for Activities of the

Poor, East Java)

KVIC Khadi and Village Industries Commission

LGPR The Leading Group for Poverty Reduction

MAKER Mathura Krishna Foundation for Economic and Social

Opportunity and Human Resource Management

MBN Minimum Basic Needs

MDG Millennium Development Goals

MFI Micro-fi nance Institution

NBS National Bureau of Statistics, formerly State Statistics

Bureau

NESDB National Economic and Social Development Board

NFA National Food Authority

NGO Non-Governmental Organization

NOAPS National Old Age Pension Scheme

NSAP National Social Assistance Program

NSDP National Slum Development Program

OECD Organization for Economic Co-operation and

Development

OPK Operasi Pasar Khusus (Special Market Operations)

ORG Operations Research Group

P2KP Program Penanggulangan Kemiskinan Perkotaan (Urban

Poverty Alleviation Program)

P3DT Pembangunan Prasarana Pendukung Desa Tertinggal

(Supporting Infrastructure Development for Neglected

Villages)

PCF People’s Credit Fund

PDI Planning and Development Initiatives, for Planning

Commission, Government of India

PDM-DKE Pemberdayaan Daerah dalam Mengatasi Dampak Krisis

Ekonomi (Empowering the Regions to Overcome the

Impact of the Economic Crisis)

PDS Public Distribution System

PEO Program Evaluation Organization, Planning Commission,

Government of India

PG Poverty Gap

PKDP Padat Karya Desa Program (Labor-intensive Development

Program)

Podes Potensi Desa (Village Potential)

Pokmas Kelompok Masyarakat (Community Groups)

PRC People’s Republic of China

PTCCS Primary Thrift and Credit Co-operative Society

Puskesmas Pusat Kesehatan Masyarakat (Community Health

Center)

R&D Research and Development

RAKUB Rajshahi Krishni Unnayan Bank

Raskin Beras untuk Keluarga Miskin (Rice for Poor Families)

REECS Resources, Environment and Economics Center for

Studies, Incorporated

REGP Rural Employment Generation Programme

Repelita Rencana Pembangunan Lima Tahun (Five-year Development

Plan)

RMB Yuan, Chinese currency

Rp Rupiah, Indonesian currency

RPS Retention Pricing Scheme

Rs Rupees

SC Scheduled Caste

SEWA Self Employed Women’s Association

SGP Scholarships and Grants Program

SGRY Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana

SGSY Swarn Jayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana

SMERU Social Monitoring and Early Response Unit

SPG Squared Poverty Gap

ST Scheduled Tribe

SUSENAS Survey Sosial Ekonomi Nasional (National Socio-Economic

Survey)

TCE Targeting Count Error

TCG Targeting Count Gap

TIE Targeting Income Error

TIG Targeting Income Gap

TRDEP Thana Resource Development and Employment Project

UNDP United Nations Development Program

UNICEF United Nations Children’s Fund

USAID United States Agency for International Development

VAM Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping

VBA Vietnam Bank of Agriculture

VBP Vietnam Bank for the Poor

VIP Village Infrastructure Project

WHO World Health Organization

WNT West Nusa Tenggara

Map of India

xiv

Map of Indonesia

xv

Map of Thailand

xvi

Map of the Philippines

xvii