Preface

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As a subsidiary of the Asian Development Bank, the Asian Development

Bank Institute (ADBI) is committed to a program of research and capacity

building that supports the Bank’s overarching goal of poverty reduction in

Asia. As an important part of this work, in 2003 a series of studies were

undertaken on the effectiveness of various measures aimed at channeling

resources directly at the poor and vulnerable – so-called ‘poverty targeting’.

Five important countries were selected for study – India, Indonesia, the

People’s Republic of China, the Philippines and Thailand. The results of

this work were discussed at an internal workshop in Tokyo in November

2003 and the fi nal drafts were produced in mid-2004. Edited versions of

these are presented here as country chapters.

In addition in 2003 ADBI commenced work on issues relating to microfi

nance with a major conference on this topic held in Tokyo in December

2003. The fi nal chapter of this volume was presented at that conference

as a survey of knowledge on the impact of micro-fi nance institutions on

poverty in Asia.

ADBI will be pursuing these topics in more depth in the future, but we

are delighted at this stage to be able to publish our material internationally

through this joint publication with Edward Elgar Publishing.

I wish to acknowledge the help of colleagues at ADBI in putting this

volume together, particularly Reiko Nishiura, who tidied up all the fi les. The

efforts of all our country authors are also gratefully acknowledged.

John Weiss

Director of Research,

Asian Development Bank Institute.