Rural Employment Programs – Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana

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(SGRY) and Others

The SGRY, targeting poverty reduction through employment generation, has

a long history in India, spanning several incarnations. Its genesis lies in the

National Rural Employment Program and the Rural Landless Employment

Program, both of which were initiated in the early 1970s, but subsequently

merged in 1989 into a new scheme called Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY) or

the Jawahar Employment Scheme. A number of different schemes have been

used and Figure 2.3 charts their complex history and evolution.