IMPACTS OF THE MAIN TARGETING PROGRAMS

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This section provides a selective survey of fi ve major targeting programs

listed below.

1. Rural employment program – Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana

(SGRY), or Comprehensive Rural Employment Scheme.

2. Self-employment scheme – Swarn Jayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana

(SGSY), or Golden Jubilee Rural Self Employment Scheme.

3. Rural Housing Scheme – Indira Awas Yojana (IAY).

4. National Old Age Pension Scheme (NOAPS).

5. Drought Prone Areas Program (DPAP).

The fi rst scheme in the list is the main program for rural employment

generation for the needy poor, and subsumes all food-for-work programs,

while the second scheme is the national targeting program geared towards

assisting the poor through asset creation to generate self-employment.

The third and fourth schemes (IAY and NOAPS) are the most important

schemes for pure income transfers, while the last scheme aims at creating

infrastructure for the poor.