General Index

К оглавлению
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 
17 18 

_

Aaron, David H., 96

Abel, L., 214

Accessories to homicide, culpability,

150–152

see also Physical act that causes death

Accidental homicide, 9, 10, 80, 86, 101,

116

see also Intentional homicide; Typologies

of homicide

Adonijah’s seeking of asylum, 72–73,

74

Aharoni, Yohanan, 48

Albertz, Rainer, 75, 76

Albright, W. F., 34, 84

Alt, Albrecht, 3, 147–150, 158

Anderson, Gary A., 77

Apodictic law, 148–150

Assembly, 88

Assyrian adjudication of homicide, 8, 28–30,

42, 44, 49–50, 56–70, 150, 166

Asylum

altar asylum, 8, 71, 72, 80, 81

altar asylum as protection from political

intrigue, 73–74

development of system of asylum, 71, 72,

80, 93

see also Cities of refuge

Atra

˘

hasis, 111, 144

Attenborough, F. L., 125

Auld, A. Graeme, 76, 87

Aw¯ılum (member of Mesopotamian social

class), 162–164

B¨ antsch, Bruno, 74, 149

Barkay, Gabriel, 35

Barr´e, M. L., 16

Bechtel, George, 31, 219

Beckman, Gary, 110, 214

Behrens, H., 207

B—el damˆe, 8, 32, 52, 54, 57, 58–59, 61,

110–111

Bellefontaine, Elizabeth, 26, 46

Bendor, Shunya, 26, 46

Benjamin, Don C., 124

Berger, P.-R., 194, 216

Bergmann, E., 218

Biblical law

relationship between sources, 83, 88

relationship to cuneiform law, 140–146,

147, 159, 204, 205

Birot, M., 210

Black-Michaud, Jacob, 23

Bloch, Marc, 23

Bloch-Smith, Elizabeth, 49

239

240 GENERAL INDEX

Blood, 9, 14, 17, 19, 51, 52, 94–99, 202

as cleanser and pollutant, 95, 104–105,

203

in Mesopotamian thought, 106–111

see also Pollution

Blood avenger, 7, 8, 9, 23–26, 31, 32, 50–51,

52, 71, 83, 86, 98

relationship to redeemer, 99

Blood feud, 7–8, 23–24, 26, 31, 32, 45, 51,

52, 99, 144, 173–174, 202

rule-boundedness of, 23–25

see also Legal evolution

Bloodguilt, 17, 101, 119, 124

Book of the Covenant, 23, 147

see also Covenant Code

Borger, Rykle, 127, 218, 219

Bott´ero, Jean, 7, 142, 210

Bourne, Frank Card, 169

Boyer, Georges, 172, 210

Bright, John, 149

Buss, Martin J., 154

Cain and Abel, 7, 12–19, 95, 116

as conflict between nomads and farmers,

14

motives and state of mind of slayer,

14–16

parallel narrative to Genesis, 2–3, 17

theory of sin and personal responsibility,

15–16

violation of social bond, 16–17

Campbell, J. K., 23

Campbell Thompson, R., 111

Capital punishment, debate over in the

United States, 143

Cardascia, Guillaume, 219

Cassuto, Umberto M. D., 14, 15

Casuistic law, 147–150, 204

Categories of homicide, see Typologies of

homicide

Caudill, Bernice Calmes, 23

Cazelles, Henri, 75

Chapman, Rupert, 122

Cheyenne tribe of North America, 113

Chiera, Edward, 208

Childe, V. Gordon, 45

Childs, Brevard, 24

Chronicler’s History, 33

Cities of refuge, 8–9, 24, 32, 51, 52, 71, 80,

83–90, 144, 203–204

characteristics in P and D, 83–90

date of establishment of, 72, 80

hearing of admission, 90–93

number of, 83, 84, 87–88

rationale for, 83, 85, 86, 87

sacred status, 83

slaying of accidental killer by blood

avenger, 86

term for, 83–84

trial of slayer, 88, 89

see also Levitical cities

Civil, Miguel, 217

Clay, A. T., 218

Closen, G. E., 16

Codex Vaticanus, 92

Coleman-Norton, Paul Robinson, 169

Collins, Raymond F., 148

Comanche tribe of North America, 113

Community-based system of justice, 35

Comparative method, 3–4, 6, 204

Contenau, G., 211

Cooper, Jerrold S., 207

Covenant Code, 74–80, 140, 148

date, 74–76

as part of an ancient Near Eastern scribal

tradition, 146, 147, 204

see also Book of the Covenant

Cowley, A., 77

Cru¨ semann, Frank, 75, 158

Daube, David, 18, 98, 99, 117, 118, 120,

125, 157

David and Bathsheba, 118–119

Delekat, L., 81

Deller, Karlheinz, 59, 67

Demon

cause of impurity, 111

see also R— abis.u

Deuteronomic reform, 8, 71, 72, 78, 82

Deuteronomic source, 9, 22, 35–36, 72, 76,

78–80, 83

date of, 48, 82

secularization, 86–87, 103

strata of Deuteronomy, 82

theological and social program of D,

86–90, 103–105

Deuteronomistic history, 33

Dhorme, P., 38, 150, 209

Diakonoff, I. M., 45

Diamond, A. S., 174

Dietrich, Manfried, 212

D¯ın napiˇstim (Akkadian legal term),

170–173, 176–177

Dinur, B., 81

Dossin, Georges, 170, 210, 211

Dressler, Joshua, 116, 156

Driver, G. R., 130, 132, 173–174, 218, 219

Driver, S. R., 50, 89, 103, 173

Duhm, Hans, 15

E, Pentateuchal source, 74

Edzard, Dietz Otto, 15

Eichler, Barry, 134, 137, 138

Elders, 35

Ellis, Maria deJ., 132

Enuma elish, 144

GENERAL INDEX 241

Eph’al, Israel, 48

Evans-Pritchard, E. E., 23

Fales, F. M., 213

Falkenstein, Adam, 152, 208

Family, see Kinship

Faust, Avraham, 47

Finkelstein, J. J., 2, 3, 7, 102, 126, 131, 137,

144–145, 169, 174, 204, 210, 217, 218

Fishbane, Michael, 79, 155, 156

Flanagan, J. W., 46

Fortner, John David, 209

Fox, Richard G., 3, 46

Frank, Karl, 111

Fratricide, 16

Frazer, James G., 96

Freydank, H., 136

Frymer-Kensky, Tikva, 100, 158

Fuchs, Andreas, 55

Gagarin, Michael, 101

Gelb, Ignace J., 182

Gelston, A., 77

Genouillac, Henri de, 207, 208

Gilgamesh, epic of, 44

Ginat, Joseph, 23

Gitin, Seymour, 78

Gluckman, Max, 23

Goetze, Albrecht, 127, 131, 173, 218

Goring ox, 129–130, 134, 141, 143, 144,

145, 146, 147

Gortyn, laws of, 141

Gottlieb, Gerald, 143

Gottwald, Norman K., 26, 27

Governmental control

in ancient Israel, 32–34

in Mesopotamia, 8, 32, 36–44, 45, 50,

202

Graf, Karl Heinrich, 81

Grayson, A. K., 53

Greenberg, Moshe, 2, 3, 50, 76, 100, 101,

102, 142–144, 146

Greengus, Samuel, 45, 109

Gruber, Mayer, 12

Gunn, David M., 83

Gurney, O. R., 66, 112, 207

Haase, Richard, 131, 132

Hagenbuchner, Albertine, 110, 214

Halbe, Jo¨ rn, 147

Hallo, William W., 3

Halpern, Baruch, 24, 48

Haran, Menahem, 84, 85

Harper, Robert Francis, 53, 55, 56, 212, 218

Hawkins, J. D., 196

Hegel, G. W. F., 173

Heltzer, Michael, 189, 190

Herzog, Zeev, 49

Hess, Richard S., 15

High priest, 9

death of, 102–103, 104

symbolism of, 103

Hoebel, E. Adamson, 24, 113

Hoffman, David Z., 100

Hoffmann, Inge, 32, 219

Hoffner, Harry A., Jr., 109, 110, 117, 134,

166, 199, 219

Hoftijzer, J., 77

Hout, Th. P. J. van den, 219

Hurvitz, Avi, 82, 88

Ibn Ezra, 20

Ibn Janah, 20

Icelandic laws Grag as, 7

Impurity, see Pollution

Intentional homicide, 10, 78, 80, 104, 116,

154

putative development of intentionality,

147–150

International law, 11, 111, 178–201

J, Pentateuchal source, 74

Jackson, Bernard S., 3, 142, 143, 158

Jacobsen, Thorkild, 5, 112, 152, 205, 208,

209

Jamieson-Drake, David W., 46, 49

Japhet, Sara, 34, 77

Jas, Remko, 57, 66, 67, 212, 213

Jean, Charles-F., 211

Jhering, Rudolf von, 173

Jirku, Anton, 149

Joab, 72, 73, 74, 83, 119

Johns, C. H. W., 63, 66, 212, 213

Johnson, Allan Chester, 169

Johnson, Wallace, 125

Jongeling, K., 77

Joseph, assault on, 117–118, 119

Judicial reform of Jehoshaphat, 34–35

Ju¨ licher, Adolf, 74

Kaufman, Ivan T., 48

Kenites, 14

Kiefer, Thomas M., 23

Kiernan, Steven C., 200

King, L. W., 211

Kinship

in ancient Israel, 8, 26–27, 46–49, 50, 202

in Mesopotamia, 27, 31–32

Kirk, G. S., 14

Klawans, Jonathan, 100

Klengel, Horst, 5–6, 110, 214, 216

Knohl, Israel, 82, 94, 121, 155, 156

Knudtzon, J. A., 214

Koch, Klaus, 98

Kohler, J., 57, 59, 63, 212, 213, 218

Koroˇsec, Victor, 53

242 GENERAL INDEX

Koschaker, Paul, 2, 136

Kramer, S. N., 135, 208, 217

Kraus, F. R., 7, 137

Krecher, J., 57

Kuhl, Curt, 156

Kuhrt, Am´elie, 204, 207

Ku¨mmel, Hans-Martin, 219

Kupper, J. R., 210, 211

Kwasman, Theodore, 57, 59, 60, 63, 65,

66–67, 212, 213

Lambert, W. G., 112, 136

Landsberger, Benno, 4, 44, 53, 176, 209

Laroche, Emmanuel, 214

Lautner, J. G., 150

Law collections, cuneiform

compared to legal records, 139–140, 145,

206

principles of composition, 134, 136–139

scribal tradition, 134, 135–136

shared cases, 134–135

style of, 127, 134

term “cuneiform law,” 2

term “law codes” vs. “law collections,”

6–7

Leemans, W. F., 43

Legal evolution, theories of, 24–25, 173–175

Legal innovations, identifying, 78–80, 204

Legal records, cuneiform, 5–6, 205–206

Lerner, Renee Lettow, 200

Levine, Baruch A., 20, 26, 33, 78, 85, 98

Levinson, Bernard M., 36, 80

Levitical cities, 72, 84, 85

Lex talionis, 10–11, 157–158, 159, 167,

168, 169–170, 174, 175, 203

Leidke, Gerhard, 149

Lindgren, James, 7

Liverani, Mario, 181

Lo¨hr, Max, 72, 81

Luckenbill, D., 44

Lutzmann, Heiner, 217

MacDowell, Douglas M., 101

Machinist, Peter B., 203

Malamat, Avraham, 47, 49

Malul, Meir, 3

Master, Daniel M., 46

Matthews, Victor H., 124

Mayes, A. D. H., 82

Mazar, Benjamin, 84

McC. Adams, Robert, 45

McCarter, P. Kyle, 118

McKeating, Henry, 24, 35, 72, 114

McKillop, Bron, 123

Meek, Theophile J., 212, 219

Menahem, 23

Merz, Erwin, 103

M—eˇsarum decrees, 102

Michaelis, J. D., 173

Michalowski, Piotr, 217

Miles, John C., 132, 173–174, 218, 219

Milgrom, Jacob M., 21, 24, 25, 72, 77, 82,

87, 96, 100

Miller, William Ian, 13, 99

Mishaly, Ayala, 52

Monarchy

in ancient Israel, 32–33, 35, 36, 48

in Mesopotamia, 36, 42, 126

see also Government control: in

Mesopotamia

Moore, Ellen Whitney, 211

Moran, William L., 111, 179, 180, 214

Muhly, J. D., 122

Muˇsk—enum (member of Mesopotamian

social class), 162–164

Naboth’s vineyard, 48

Nader, Laura, 24

Narrative texts, use in reconstructing legal

history, 4–5, 8, 10, 18, 35, 36, 117–120,

125, 205

Naveh, J., 6

Nehemiah’s taking refuge in Temple, 73,

74

Neo-Babylonian texts on homicide, 5–6

Neufeld, E., 219

Nicolsky, N.M., 72, 103

No¨ rr, Dieter, 131

Nougayrol, Jean, 196, 214, 215, 216, 217

O’Connor, Michael, 13, 21, 154, 155

Oppenheim, A. Leo, 15, 111, 210, 214

Ordeal, river, 65–66

Orlin, Louis Lawrence, 210

O’Sullivan, John, 143

Osumi, Yuichi, 147

Otten, H., 185

Otterbein, Charlotte Swanson, 23

Otterbein, Keith F., 23

Parker, Robert, 101, 103

Parpola, Simo, 53, 54, 55, 56, 61, 63, 69,

213

Paul, Shalom M., 2, 74, 76, 120, 140, 142,

175

Peiser, F. E., 218

Petschow, Herbert, 167

Pfeiffer, Robert H., 55

Phillips, Anthony, 51–52, 118

Physical act that causes death, 10, 117–119,

120

Pinches, T. G., 212

Pollution, 9–10, 85, 86, 94–115, 144, 154

ancient Greek concept, 100–101, 103

death as pollutant, 96

ethical impurity, 100, 203

homicide and ritual and ethical impurities,

100–103, 202–203

GENERAL INDEX 243

Mesopotamian concept of pollution,

106–112

purificatory language in legal realm,

112–113

ritual impurity, 100, 203

scale disease as pollutant, 96

semen as pollutant, 96

see also Blood: as cleanser and pollutant

Porter, Anne, 49

Posner, Richard A., 142

Posp´ıˇsil, Leopold, 24

Postgate, Nicholas (J. N.), 44, 45, 57,

58–59, 60, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69,

212, 213

Pregnant woman suffering injury, 132–134,

140, 142, 144, 146, 147, 163, 165

Premeditated homicide, 116

Priestly source, 9, 20, 71, 81, 83

date of P and H, 72, 81, 82

P and H, 81, 155

role of assembly in Priestly source, 88

theological and social program of P, 84,

86, 88–89, 101

Priests and Levites, differentiation between,

85, 87

Provincial reorganization of Solomon, 48

Psalms referring to refuge, 81

R— abis.u (demon), 15–16

Rad, Gerhard von, 15, 89

Rashi, 20, 23, 121

Rawi, Farouk N. H. al-, 218

Redeemer, 50, 52

Regev, Eyal, 104

Reiner, Erica, 108, 111, 170

Renger, Johannes M., 49

Reventlow, H. Graf, 98

Reviv, Hanokh, 89

Riccobono, S., 169

Richardson, M. E. J., 218

Riemann, Paul A., 18

Riemschneider, Kaspar, 58, 59

Riftin, A. P., 209

Rin, Svi, 118

Roberts, Simon, 25

Rof´e, Alexander, 76, 84, 87, 88, 89, 90, 92,

103–104

Ro¨ llig, W., 186

Roman law, 141

XII Tables, 169

Ro¨mer, Willem H. Ph., 217

Ross, J. P., 84

Rost, Leonhard, 83

Roth, Martha T., 5, 30, 42, 52, 53, 56, 57,

58, 59–61, 62, 64, 68, 69, 125, 126,

128, 136, 152, 161, 163, 208, 212, 213,

217, 218, 219

Rouland, Norbert, 23

Roux, Georges, 42

Saadiah, 20

Saggs, H. W. F., 67, 111

San Nicolo, Marian, 173

Sanctuary, see Asylum: altar asylum; Cities

of refuge

Sartinnu (Mesopotamian legal official), 67

Scheil, V., 218

Schloen, J. David, 46, 48

Schroeder, Otto, 179, 214

Schulz, Hermann, 149

Schwartz, Baruch J., 94, 97, 100

Schwienhorst-Scho¨nberger, Ludger, 74, 78,

147

Scribal literary tradition, ancient Near

Eastern, 10, 204

Seabass, Horst, 118

Self-help model, 173, 174

Shiloh, Yigal, 46

Sick, Ulrich, 5, 167, 176

Siegel, Bernard J., 208

Sigrist, M., 130

Sin

consequences in Israelite thought, 97

consequences in Mesopotamian thought,

111

Sjo¨berg,

Ake, 45

Slaves

biblical laws about, 75, 79–80, 142

slaying of slave, 124, 160

cuneiform laws about, 137, 153, 159–162

Smith, Sidney, 209

Social structure of ancient Israel, 26, 35, 44,

46–49, 50

Soden, Wolfram von, 58, 59, 63, 66, 68

Solomon, appeal of prostitutes to, 125

Speiser, E. A., 13, 49

Spencer, John R., 84

Sperling, S. David, 50, 96

Stade, D. Bernhard, 14

Staerk, W., 82

Stager, Lawrence, 47, 49

Starke, J. G., 200

Starr, June, and Jane F. Collier, 24

State formation, theories of, 46–47

Steible, H., 207

Steinkeller, Piotr, 102, 207

Steuernagel, C., 82

Stol, M., 162

Stone, Elizabeth, 45

Sturtevant, Edgar H., 31, 219

Succession Narrative, 33, 83

date of composition, 83

Sulzberger, Mayer, 50–51, 101

Szlechter, Emile, 127, 160, 176

Tadmor, Hayyim, 48

Talmon, Shemaryahu, 1, 156

T’ang Code, 145

Targums, 20, 78

244 GENERAL INDEX

Tcherikover, Victor, 145

Thomas, D. Winton, 118

Thureau-Dangin, F., 44

Tigay, Jeffrey M., 99, 105, 124

Todd, S. C., 101

Toorn, Karel van der, 44, 108, 111, 112, 120

Trial of slayer, 25

Tribal period in Israelite history, 74

Tsumura, David Toshio, 15

Tur-Sinai, N. H., 15

Typologies of homicide, 80, 116–125, 129

Ungnad, Arthur, 38, 57, 59, 63, 212, 213

Upham, Thomas, 143

Urbanism, Mesopotamian, 8, 44–45, 50,

202

UruKAgina, reform of, 102, 207

Van Der Mieroop, Marc, 44, 45, 47, 50

Van Selms, A. 3

Van Seters, John, 16, 17

Vanderhooft, David, 77

Vaux, Roland de, 35, 72, 185

Viberg,

Ake, 73

Wagner, Volker, 149

Waldron, Jeremy, 158

Walker, C. B. F., 217

Wallace-Hadrill, J. M., 23

Waltke, Bruce K., 13, 21, 154, 155

Walzer, Michael, 36

Watanabe, Kazuko, 54

Watson, Alan, 147, 170

Weber, Max, 173

Weidner, Ernst, 136

Weights, Neo-Assyrian, 65

Weinfeld, Moshe, 86, 104

Weisman, Ze’ev, 35

Wellhausen, Julius, 71–72, 74, 81, 84

Wenham, Gordon, 95

Westbrook, Raymond, 2, 52, 140, 183

Westermann, Claus, 14, 15

Wette, W. M. L. de, 82

Whitelam, Keith, 33, 34

Whitman, James Q., 173

Wiggermann, F. A. M., 15

Williams, Ronald J., 155

Wilson, E. Jan, 111

Wilson, Robert R., 34

Winckler, H., 214

Wiseman, D. J., 54, 211

Witnesses, 123–124

Wormald, Jenny, 23

Wright, C. J. H., 26

Wright, David P., 2, 105, 111, 112

Yaron, Reuven, 2, 130, 131, 132, 141, 158,

160, 163, 164, 176, 193, 197, 210, 218

Yildiz, Fatma, 217

Yoffee, Norman, 24, 45

Zevit, Ziony, 105

Index of Citations

_